| Determinant bundles, boundaries, and surgery - U. Bunke In this note we specialize and illustrate the ideas developed in the paper math.DG/0201112 of the first author ("Index theory, eta forms, and Deligne cohomology ") in the case of the determinant line bundle. We discuss the surgery formula in the adiabatic limit using the adiabatic decomposition formula of the zeta regularized determinant of the Dirac Laplacian obtained by the second author and K. Wojciechowski. Downloads: 5 | |

| On the Relation of Insolation to Atmospheric Humidity (Volume 15) - Harrison, J. Park "On the Relation of Insolation to Atmospheric Humidity" is an article from Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Volume 15. View more articles from Proceedings of the Royal Society of London.View this article on JSTOR.View this article's JSTOR metadata.You may also retrieve all of this items metadata in JSON at the following URL: https://archive.org/metadata/jstor-112651 Downloads: 22 | |

| Lunar Influence on Temperature (Volume 14) - Harrison, J. Park "Lunar Influence on Temperature" is an article from Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Volume 14. View more articles from Proceedings of the Royal Society of London.View this article on JSTOR.View this article's JSTOR metadata.You may also retrieve all of this items metadata in JSON at the following URL: https://archive.org/metadata/jstor-112137 Downloads: 25 | |

| Solar Radiation (Volume 17) - Harrison, J. Park "Solar Radiation" is an article from Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Volume 17. View more articles from Proceedings of the Royal Society of London.View this article on JSTOR.View this article's JSTOR metadata.You may also retrieve all of this items metadata in JSON at the following URL: https://archive.org/metadata/jstor-112453 Downloads: 23 | |

| Madison, Dane County and Surrounding Towns: Being a History and Guide to Places of Scenic Beauty ... - Wm. J. Park & Co Book digitized by Google from the library of the University of Michigan and uploaded to the Internet Archive by user tpb. Downloads: 192 | |

| Conformal Couplings in Induced Gravity - C. J. Park It is found that the induced gravity with conformal couplings requires the conformal invariance in both classical and quantum levels for consistency. This is also true for the induced gravity with an extended conformal coupling interacting with torsion. Downloads: 1 | |

| Polymer Translocation througha Pore in a Membrane - W. Sung We construct a new statistical physical model of polymer translocation through a pore in a membrane treated as the diffusion process across a free energy barrier. We determine the translocation time in terms of chain flexibility yielding an entropic barrier, as well as in terms of the driving mechanisms such as transmembrane chemical potential difference and Brownian ratchets. It turns out that, while the chemical potential differences induce pronounced effects on translocation due to the long-c... Downloads: 7 | |

| The Constraint of a General Effective Potential in Vector Torsion Coupled Conformally Induced Gravity - Jewan Kim It is found that the deviation of an effective potential from the quartic form is related to the metric and vector torsion dependencies of the effective potential in the vector torsion coupled conformally induced gravity. Downloads: 2 | |

| Formation of Pairing Fields in Resonantly Coupled Atomic and Molecular Bose-Einstein Condensates - M. Holland In this paper, we show that pair-correlations may play an important role in the quantum statistical properties of a Bose-Einstein condensed gas composed of an atomic field resonantly coupled with a corresponding field of molecular dimers. Specifically, pair-correlations in this system can dramatically modify the coherent and incoherent transfer between the atomic and molecular fields. Downloads: 1 | |

| Phase Transition in Conformally Induced Gravity with Torsion - Jewan Kim We have considered the quantum behavior of a conformally induced gravity in the minimal Riemann-Cartan space. The regularized one-loop effective potential considering the quantum fluctuations of the dilaton and the torsion fields in the Coleman-Weinberg sector gives a sensible phase transition for an inflationary phase in De Sitter space. For this effective potential, we have analyzed the semi-classical equation of motion of the dilaton field in the slow-rolling regime. Downloads: 1 | |

| Analysis of Nematic Liquid Crystals with Disclination Lines - P. Bauman We investigate the structure of nematic liquid crystal thin films described by the Landau--de Gennes tensor-valued order parameter with Dirichlet boundary conditions of nonzero degree. We prove that as the elasticity constant goes to zero a limiting uniaxial texture forms with disclination lines corresponding to a finite number of defects, all of degree 1/2 or all of degree -1/2. We also state a result on the limiting behavior of minimizers of the Chern-Simons-Higgs model without magnetic field ... Downloads: 2 | |

| Orientifolding the conifold - J. Park In this paper we study the N=1 supersymmetric field theories realized on the world-volume of type IIB D3-branes sitting at orientifolds of non-orbifold singularities (conifold and generalizations). Several chiral models belong to this family of theories. These field theories have a T-dual realization in terms of type IIA configurations of relatively rotated NS fivebranes, D4-branes and orientifold six-planes, with a compact $x^6$ direction, along which the D4-branes have finite extent... Downloads: 10 | |

| N=1 Type IIA brane configurations, Chirality and T-duality - J. Park We consider four-dimensional N=1 field theories realized by type IIA brane configurations of NS-branes and D4-branes, in the presence of orientifold six-planes and D6-branes. These configurations are known to present interesting effects associated to the appearance of chiral symmetries and chiral matter in the four-dimensional field theory. We center on models with one compact direction (elliptic models) and show that, under T-duality, the configurations are mapped to a set of type IIB D3-branes... Downloads: 7 | |

| Bae Chang, Taeshik Shon - IT Convergence and Services - James J. Park, Hamid Arabnia, Hang Bae Chang, Taeshik Shon - IT Convergence and Services Keywords: data; user; algorithm; node; sensor; system; network; security; wireless; mobile; lecture notes; electrical engineering; wireless sensor; web application; international conference; cloud computing; social network; sensor network; wireless security; sensor nodes Downloads: 472 | |

| Mergers of Binary Compact Objects - C. -H. Lee We work out the effects of hypercritical accretion, which transfers mass from the secondary to the primary (first-born) neutron star (NS) in a binary, showing that the mass of the primary would end up 0.6 M_sun greater than the secondary NS in contradiction with the very nearly equal masses of the two NS's in binaries measured to date. We discuss that the primary NS evolves into a low-mass black-hole (LMBH) due to the hypercritical accretion... Downloads: 1 | |

| On the biases affecting water ages inferred from isotopic data - F. J. Cornaton Groundwater age has become a fundamental concept in groundwater hydrology, but ages originating from isotopic analyses are still identified with a lack of clarity and using models that occasionally are unrealistic. If the effect of advection and dispersion on water ages has already been extensively identified, very few studies address the reliability of using radiometric ages as derived from isotopic data to estimate aquifer properties such as average velocities... Downloads: 3 | |

| Optimal conclusive teleportation of a d-dimensional unknown state - W. Son We formulate a conclusive teleportation protocol for a system in d-dimensional Hilbert space utilizing the positive operator valued measurement at the sending station. The conclusive teleportation protocol ensures some perfect teleportation events when the channel is only partially entangled, at the expense of lowering the overall average fidelity. We find the change of the fidelity as optimizing the conclusive teleportation events and discuss how much information remains in the inconclusive par... Downloads: 1 | |

| Probabilistic nonlocal gate operation via imperfect entanglement - Jingak Jang Nonlocal gate operation is based on sharing an ancillary pair of qubits in perfect entanglement. When the ancillary pair are partially entangled, the efficiency of the gate operation drops. Using general transformations, we devise probabilistic nonlocal gates, which perform the nonlocal operation conclusively when the ancillary pair are only partially entangled. We show that a controlled purification protocol can be implemented by the probabilistic nonlocal operation. Downloads: 1 | |

| Partial Teleportation of Entanglement in the Noisy Environment - Jinhyoung Lee Partial teleportation of entanglement is to teleport one particle of an entangled pair through a quantum channel. This is conceptually equivalent to quantum swapping. We consider the partial teleportation of entanglement in the noisy environment, employing the Werner-state representation of the noisy channel for the simplicity of calculation. To have the insight of the many-body teleportation, we introduce the measure of correlation information and study the transfer of the correlation informati... Downloads: 3 | |

| Direct measurements of the effects of salt and surfactant on interaction forces between colloidal particles at water-oil interfaces - B. J. Park The forces between colloidal particles at a decane-water interface, in the presence of low concentrations of a monovalent salt (NaCl) and of the surfactant sodium dodecylsulfate (SDS) in the aqueous subphase, have been studied using laser tweezers. In the absence of electrolyte and surfactant, particle interactions exhibit a long-range repulsion, yet the variation of the interaction for different particle pairs is found to be considerable... Downloads: 2 | |

| HARES: an efficient method for first-principles electronic structure calculations of complex systems - U. V. Waghmare We discuss our new implementation of the Real-space Electronic Structure method for studying the atomic and electronic structure of infinite periodic as well as finite systems, based on density functional theory. This improved version which we call HARES (for High-performance-fortran Adaptive grid Real-space Electronic Structure) aims at making the method widely applicable and efficient, using high performance Fortran on parallel architectures... Downloads: 2 | |

| Study of Strangeness Condensation by Expanding About the Fixed Point of the Harada-Yamawaki Vector Manifestation - G. E. Brown Building on, and extending, the result of a higher-order in-medium chiral perturbation theory combined with renormalization group arguments and a variety of observations of the vector manifestation of Harada-Yamawaki hidden local symmetry theory, we obtain a surprisingly simple description of kaon condensation by fluctuating around the "vector manifestation (VM)" fixed point identified to be the chiral restoration point... Downloads: 3 | |

| The Problem of Mass: Mesonic Bound States Above Tc - H. -J. Park By extending the Bielefeld LGS (Lattice Gauge Simulation) color singlet interaction, we find that the masses of pi, sigma, rho and a_1 excitations, 32 degrees of freedom in all, go to zero (in the chiral limit) as T -> T_c. This result indicates a smooth phase transition at T_c, at which from above the masses and couplings of mesons vanish `a la Brown-Rho scaling. We discuss that our scenario successfully explains the STAR (STAR Collaboration) rho^0/pi^- ratio in Au-Au peripheral collisions at R... Downloads: 2 | |

| Current reversal with type-I intermittency in deterministic inertia ratchets - W. -S. Son The intermittency is investigated when the current reversal occurs in a deterministic inertia ratchet system. To determine which type the intermittency belongs to, we obtain the return map of velocities of particle using stroboscopic recording, and numerically calculate the distribution of average laminar length ${}$. The distribution follows the scaling law of ${} \propto {\epsilon}^{-1/2}$, the characteristic relation of type-I intermittency. Downloads: 5 | |

| Phonons in Molecular Quantum Dots: Density Functional Calculation of Franck-Condon Emission Rates in External Fields - Connie Te-ching Chang We report the calculation of various phonon overlaps and their corresponding phonon emission probabilities for the problem of an electron tunneling onto and off of the buckyball-dimer molecular quantum dot $C_{72}$, both with and without the influence of an external field. We show that the stretch mode of the two balls of the dumbbell couples most strongly to the electronic transition, and in turn that a field in the direction of the bond between the two $C_{36}$ balls is most effective at furth... Downloads: 5 | |

| An accurate measurement of electron beam induced displacement cross sections for single-layer graphene - J. C. Meyer We present an accurate measurement and a quantitative analysis of electron-beam induced displacements of carbon atoms in single-layer graphene. We directly measure the atomic displacement ("knock-on") cross section by counting the lost atoms as a function of the electron beam energy and applied dose. Further, we separate knock-on damage (originating from the collision of the beam electrons with the nucleus of the target atom) from other radiation damage mechanisms (e.g... Downloads: 17 | |

| Non-resonant and Resonant X-ray Scattering Studies on Multiferroic TbMn2O5 - J. Koo Comprehensive x-ray scattering studies, including resonant scattering at Mn L-edge, Tb L- and M-edges, were performed on single crystals of TbMn2O5. X-ray intensities were observed at a forbidden Bragg position in the ferroelectric phases, in addition to the lattice and the magnetic modulation peaks. Temperature dependences of their intensities and the relation between the modulation wave vectors provide direct evidences of exchange striction induced ferroelectricity... Downloads: 1 | |

| Bulk-sensitive photoemission spectroscopy of A_2FeMoO_6 double perovskites (A=Sr, Ba) - J. -S. Kang Electronic structures of Sr_2FeMoO_6 (SFMO) and Ba_2FeMoO_6 (BFMO) double perovskites have been investigated using the Fe 2p->3d resonant photoemission spectroscopy (PES) and the Cooper minimum in the Mo 4d photoionization cross section. The states close to the Fermi level are found to have strongly mixed Mo-Fe t_{2g} character, suggesting that the Fe valence is far from pure 3+. The Fe 2p_{3/2} XAS spectra indicate the mixed-valent Fe^{3+}-Fe^{2+} configurations, and the larger Fe^{2+} componen... Downloads: 6 | |

| PAPERS IN MECHANICS (Volume 36) - Thomas Grant "PAPERS IN MECHANICS" is an article from Transactions of the Society, Instituted at London, for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures, and Commerce, Volume 36. View more articles from Transactions of the Society, Instituted at London, for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures, and Commerce.View this article on JSTOR.View this article's JSTOR metadata.You may also retrieve all of this items metadata in JSON at the following URL: https://archive.org/metadata/jstor-41325912 Downloads: 8 | |

| Demonstration of Communication using Neutrinos - D. D. Stancil Beams of neutrinos have been proposed as a vehicle for communications under unusual circumstances, such as direct point-to-point global communication, communication with submarines, secure communications and interstellar communication. We report on the performance of a low-rate communications link established using the NuMI beam line and the MINERvA detector at Fermilab. The link achieved a decoded data rate of 0.1 bits/sec with a bit error rate of 1% over a distance of 1.035 km, including 240 m... Downloads: 15 | |

| Azimuthal correlations of electrons from heavy-flavor decay with hadrons in p+p and Au+Au collisions at sqrt(s_NN)=200 GeV - A. Adare Measurements of electrons from the decay of open-heavy-flavor mesons have shown that the yields are suppressed in Au+Au collisions compared to expectations from binary scaled p+p collisions. These measurements indicate that charm and bottom quarks interact with the hot-dense matter produced in heavy-ion collisions much more than expected. Here we extend these studies to two-particle correlations where one particle is an electron from the decay of a heavy-flavor meson and the other is a charged h... Downloads: 2 | |

| Measurement of neutral mesons in p+p collisions at sqrt(s) = 200 GeV and scaling properties of hadron production - A. Adare The PHENIX experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider has measured the invariant differential cross section for production of K^0_S , \omega, \eta prime, and \phi mesons in p + p collisions at = 200 GeV. Measurements \omega and \phi production in different decay channels give consistent results. New results for the \phi are in agreement with previously published data and extend the measured pT coverage... Downloads: 5 | |

| Suppression of away-side jet fragments with respect to the reaction plane in Au+Au collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 200 GeV - A. Adare Pair correlations between large transverse momentum neutral pion triggers (p_T=4--7 GeV/c) and charged hadron partners (p_T=3--7 GeV/c) in central (0--20%) and midcentral (20--60%) Au+Au collisions are presented as a function of trigger orientation with respect to the reaction plane. The particles are at larger momentum than where jet shape modifications have been observed, and the correlations are sensitive to the energy loss of partons traveling through hot dense matter... Downloads: 2 | |

| Direct-Photon Production in p+p Collisions at sqrt(s)=200 GeV at Midrapidity - A. Adare The differential cross section for the production of direct photons in p+p collisions at sqrt(s)=200 GeV at midrapidity was measured in the PHENIX detector at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. Inclusive-direct photons were measured in the transverse-momentum range from 5.5--25 GeV/c, extending the range beyond previous measurements. Event structure was studied with an isolation criterion. Next-to-leading-order perturbative-quantum-chromodynamics calculations give a good description of the spe... Downloads: 3 | |

| Trends in Yield and Azimuthal Shape Modification in Dihadron Correlations in Relativistic Heavy Ion Collisions - A. Adare Fast parton probes produced by hard scattering and embedded within collisions of large nuclei have shown that partons suffer large energy loss and that the produced medium may respond collectively to the lost energy. We present measurements of neutral pion trigger particles at transverse momenta p^t_T = 4-12 GeV/c and associated charged hadrons (p^a_T = 0.5-7 GeV/c) as a function of relative azimuthal angle Delta Phi at midrapidity in Au+Au and p+p collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 200 GeV... Downloads: 6 | |

| Identified charged hadron production in p+p collisions at sqrt(s)=200 and 62.4 GeV - A. Adare Transverse momentum distributions and yields for $\pi^{\pm}$, $K^{\pm}$, $p$ and $\bar{p}$ in $p+p$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}$=200 and 62.4 GeV at midrapidity are measured by the PHENIX experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). These data provide important baseline spectra for comparisons with identified particle spectra in heavy ion collisions at RHIC. We present the inverse slope parameter $T_{\rm inv}$, mean transverse momentum $$ and yield per unit rapidity $dN/dy$ at each ener... Downloads: 6 | |

| J/psi suppression at forward rapidity in Au+Au collisions at sqrt(s_NN)=200 GeV - A. Adare Heavy quarkonia are observed to be suppressed in relativistic heavy ion collisions relative to their production in p+p collisions scaled by the number of binary collisions. In order to determine if this suppression is related to color screening of these states in the produced medium, one needs to account for other nuclear modifications including those in cold nuclear matter. In this paper, we present new measurements from the PHENIX 2007 data set of J/psi yields at forward rapidity (1.2 Downloads: 6 | |

| Elliptic and hexadecapole flow of charged hadrons in Au+Au collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 200 GeV - A. Adare Differential measurements of the elliptic (v_2) and hexadecapole (v_4) Fourier flow coefficients are reported for charged hadrons as a function of transverse momentum (p_T) and collision centrality or the number of participant nucleons (N_part) for Au+Au collisions at sqrt(s_NN)=200 GeV. The v_{2,4} measurements at pseudorapidity |\eta| Downloads: 3 | |

| Event Structure and Double Helicity Asymmetry in Jet Production from Polarized p+p Collisions at sqrt(s) = 200 GeV - A. Adare We report on event structure and double helicity asymmetry ($A_LL$) of jet production in longitudinally polarized p+p collisions at $\sqrt{s}$=200 GeV. Photons and charged particles were measured at midrapidity $|\eta| 2$ GeV/$c$) photon in each event. Measured event structure is compared with {\sc pythia} and {\sc geant} simulations. The shape of jets and the underlying event were well reproduced at this collision energy... Downloads: 1 | |

| Cross sections and double-helicity asymmetries of midrapidity inclusive charged hadrons in p+p collisions at sqrt(s)=62.4 GeV - A. Adare Unpolarized cross sections and double-helicity asymmetries of single-inclusive positive and negative charged hadrons at midrapidity from p+p collisions at sqrt(s)=62.4 GeV are presented. The PHENIX measurements for 1.0 < p_T < 4.5 GeV/c are consistent with perturbative QCD calculations at next-to-leading order in the strong coupling constant, alpha_s. Resummed pQCD calculations including terms with next-to-leading-log accuracy, yielding reduced theoretical uncertainties, also agree with the data... Downloads: 3 | |

| Measurement of Direct Photons in Au+Au Collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 200 GeV - S. Afanasiev We report the measurement of direct photons at midrapidity in Au+Au collisions at sqrt{s_NN} = 200 GeV. The direct photon signal was extracted for the transverse-momentum range of 4 GeV/c < p_T < 22 GeV/c, using a statistical method to subtract decay photons from the inclusive-photon sample. The direct-photon nuclear-modification factor R_AA was calculated as a function of p_T for different Au+Au collision centralities using the measured p+p direct-photon spectrum and compared to theoretical pre... Downloads: 12 | |

| Nuclear-Modification Factor for Open-Heavy-Flavor Production at Forward Rapidity in Cu+Cu Collisions at sqrt(s_NN)=200 GeV - A. Adare Background: Heavy-flavor production in p+p collisions tests perturbative-quantum-chromodynamics (pQCD) calculations. Modification of heavy-flavor production in heavy-ion collisions relative to binary-collision scaling from p+p results, quantified with the nuclear-modification factor (R_AA), provides information on both cold- and hot-nuclear-matter effects. Purpose: Determine transverse-momentum, pt, spectra and the corresponding R_AA for muons from heavy-flavor mesons decay in p+p and Cu+Cu coll... Downloads: 6 | |

| Cross section and double helicity asymmetry for eta mesons and their comparison to neutral pion production in p+p collisions at sqrt(s)=200 GeV - A. Adare Measurements of double-helicity asymmetries for inclusive hadron production in polarized p+p collisions are sensitive to helicity--dependent parton distribution functions, in particular to the gluon helicity distribution, Delta(g). This study focuses on the extraction of the double-helicity asymmetry in eta production: polarized p+p --> eta + X, the eta cross section, and the eta/pi^0 cross section ratio... Downloads: 2 | |

| Transverse momentum dependence of eta meson suppression in Au+Au collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 200 GeV - A. Adare New measurements by the PHENIX experiment at RHIC for eta production at midrapidity as a function of transverse momentum (p_T) and collision centrality in sqrt(s_NN) = 200 GeV Au+Au and p+p collisions are presented. They indicate nuclear modification factors (R_AA) that are similar both in magnitude and trend to those found in earlier pi^0 measurements. Linear fits to R_AA in the 5--20 GeV/c p_T region show that the slope is consistent with zero within two standard deviations at all centralities... Downloads: 13 | |

| Spectra and ratios of identified particles in Au+Au and d+Au collisions at sqrt(s_NN)=200 GeV - A. Adare The transverse momentum (p_T) spectra and ratios of identified charged hadrons (\pi^+/-, K^+/-, p, p^bar) produced in sqrt(s_NN)=200 GeV Au+Au and d+Au collisions are reported in five different centrality classes for each collision species. The measurements of pions and protons are reported up to p_T=6 GeV/c (5 GeV/c), and the measurements of kaons are reported up to p_T=4 GeV/c (3.5 GeV/c) in Au+Au (d+Au) collisions... Downloads: 8 | |

| Measurements of Higher-Order Flow Harmonics in Au+Au Collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 200 GeV - A. Adare Flow coefficients v_n for n = 2, 3, 4, characterizing the anisotropic collective flow in Au+Au collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 200 GeV, are measured relative to event planes \Psi_n determined at large rapidity. We report v_n as a function of transverse momentum and collision centrality, and study the correlations among the event planes of different order n. The v_n are well described by hydrodynamic models which employ a Glauber Monte Carlo initial state geometry with fluctuations, providing addition... Downloads: 10 | |

| Observation of direct-photon collective flow in sqrt(s_NN)=200 GeV Au+Au collisions - A. Adare The second Fourier component v_2 of the azimuthal anisotropy with respect to the reaction plane was measured for direct photons at midrapidity and transverse momentum (p_T) of 1--13 GeV/c in Au+Au collisions at sqr(s_NN)=200 GeV. Previous measurements of this quantity for hadrons with p_T 6 GeV/c a reduced anisotropy is interpreted in terms of a path-length dependence for parton energy loss. In this measurement with the PHENIX detector at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider we find that for p_T... Downloads: 8 | |

| High p_T Direct Photon and pi^0 Triggered Azimuthal Jet Correlations in sqrt(s)=200 GeV p+p Collisions - A. Adare Correlations of charged hadrons of 1 < pT < 10 GeV/c with high pT direct photons and pi^ 0 mesons in the range 5 Downloads: 13 | |

| Heavy Quark Production in p+p and Energy Loss and Flow of Heavy Quarks in Au+Au Collisions at sqrt(s_NN)=200 GeV - A. Adare Transverse momentum (p^e_T) spectra of electrons from semileptonic weak decays of heavy flavor mesons in the range of 0.3 < p^e_T < 9.0 GeV/c have been measured at mid-rapidity (|eta| < 0.35) by the PHENIX experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider in p+p and Au+Au collisions at sqrt(s_NN)=200 GeV. The nuclear modification factor R_AA with respect to p+p collisions indicates substantial energy loss of heavy quarks in the produced medium... Downloads: 30 | |

| Deviation from quark-number scaling of the anisotropy parameter v_2 of pions, kaons, and protons in Au+Au collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 200 GeV - A. Adare Measurements of the anisotropy parameter v_2 of identified hadrons (pions, kaons, and protons) as a function of centrality, transverse momentum p_T, and transverse kinetic energy KE_T at midrapidity (|\eta| Downloads: 12 | |